Ankle Pain, Achilles Tendon Rupture

Achilles Tendon Rupture

What is Achilles Tendon Rupture?

Achilles tendon rupture is where the large tendon in the back of the ankle ruptures.

How is Achilles Tendon Rupture Diagnosed?

There is a sudden pain behind the ankle. Physical examination shows a gap in the tendon and squeezing the calf muscle does not result in movement of the foot. X-rays are usually performed to evaluate for other possible conditions. A MRI scan is needed to evaluate for the severity of the tear within the tendon.

What are the Causes?

Rupture most commonly occurs during recreational sports that require bursts ofjumping, pivoting, and running. Most often these are tennis, racquetball, basketball, and badminton. The injury can also happen due to sudden trip, stumble orfall from a significant height.

How to Prevent Achilles Tendon Rupture?

Stretch the Achilles tendon before exercise, even at the start of the day helps to maintain flexibility in the ankle joint. Problems with foot mechanics can also be treated with devices inserted into the shoes such as heel cups, arch supports, and custom orthotics.

What are the Treatments?

Temporary treatment include icing the area by applying ice to the area of inflammation to help stimulate blood flow to the area, and relieve the pain associated with inflammation. However surgery is needed to repair the ruptured tendon. Post operatively, patients would require physio-therapy where physical therapists can help formulate a stretching and rehabilitation program to improve the flexibility of the Achilles tendon.

Do you need a consultation? Our Orthopaedic Specialist Dr Kevin Yip has over 20 years of experience. Be assured that you are receiving the most professional treatment.
Call or SMS to 9137 7787 to make an appointment. You can also request for a call back by using our Contact Form.

 

 

Ankle Pain, Achilles Tendinitis (Heel Cord Pain)

foot_achilles_tendon_anatomy04

What is Achilles Tendinitis (Heel Cord Pain)?

Achilles tendinitis is a syndrome of irritation of the Achilles tendon in the ankle. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon in the back of the ankle that inserts into the heel bone. When individuals overuse their Achilles tendon it becomes irritated and inflamed. This inflammation can cause pain and swelling. Furthermore, this can lead to small tears within the tendon and make the Achilles tendon susceptible to rupture.

What are the Causes?

Achilles tendinitis is most often caused by repetitive, minor impact on the affected area, or from a sudden more serious injury. Incorrect posture at work or home or poor stretching or conditioning before exercise or playing sports also increases the risk.

How to Prevent Achilles Tendinitis?

To prevent Achilles tendinitis, take the activity slow at first and gradually build up the activity level. Use limited force and limited repetitions and stop if unusual pain occurs.

What are the Treatments?

Initial treatment of Achilles tendinitis includes avoiding activities that aggravate the problem, resting the injured area, icing the area the day of the injury and taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs. If the condition does not improve more advanced treatments is needed. These include corticosteroid injections and physical therapy.

 

Do you need a consultation? Our Orthopaedic Specialist Dr Kevin Yip has over 20 years of experience. Be assured that you are receiving the most professional treatment.
Call or SMS to 9137 7787 to make an appointment. You can also request for a call back by using our Contact Form.